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Nihongo Online School > Tips for More Effective Studying > Chapter 5 How to use [basic Post particles]Lesson1-3 difference of 〜は、〜が、〜を

Chapter 5 How to use [basic Post particles]Lesson1-3 difference of 〜は、〜が、〜を

2023/09/18

Lesson 1~は Describe the subject

You learn how to explain ”〜は=〜is… ” in Japanese.

✅ ~は Describe the subject such as “is” in English. 

Usages: describe the subject 

AはB   : B is main subject 

    ↑Bがメイントピック(B is main topic you  want to tell the most)

Here is some examples for “は”.

★Let’s exercise

わたし、アメリカじんです。

watashiwa, Americajin desu.

I am American.

きょうのてんき、はれです。あさってのてんき、くもりです。 

Kyouno tenkiwa haredesu. Asatteno tenkiwa, kumoridesu. 

It is sunny today. It will be cloudy the day after tomorrow.

きのうのてんき、あめでした。

Kinouno tenkiwa amedeshita. 

It was rainy yesterday.

きのうとおととい、やすみでした。きょうしごとです。  

Kinouto ototoiwa, yasumideshita. 

It was day off yesterday and the day before yesterday. I have a work today.

Q:あのかた、どなたですか?

Anokatawa, donatadsuka?

Who is that person? 

A:あのかた、アンさんです。

Anokatawa, ansan desu.

That person is Ms. Ann.

Lesson 2~が Describe the subject

You learn how to explain “〜が=〜is… ” in Japanese.

✅ ~が Describe the subject

Usages: describe the subject 

AがB : A is main subject 

↑Aがメイントピック(A is main topic you want to tell the most)That is the difference between “〜は”

Here is some examples for “が”.

★Let’s exercise

Q:トランプさんは、なにすきですか?

Trumpsanwa, naniga sukidesuka?

What does Mr. Trump like?

A:トランプさんは、すしだいすきです。

Trumpsanwa, sushi ga daisuki desu.

Mr. Trump likes sushi very mush.

Q:このなかで、だれ、チャンピオンですか?

Kononakade, darega, champion desuka?

Who is the champion in this member?

A:かれ、チャンピオンです

Karega, champion desu.

He is the champion. 

Q:あなたは、どんなスポーツすきですか?

Anatawa donna sports ga sukidesuka?

What sports do you like?

A:わたしは、サッカーすきです。

Watashiwa, soccer ga sukidesu.

I like soccer.

Lesson 3~を Someone take action for object.

を(wo) marks the direct object in a sentence. The direct object is the noun which receives the action of the verb.

Usages: Usually, Verb is followed after the word [を].

①ごはんたべます。

Gohanwo tabemasu.

I eat food.

②ビールのみます。

Beerwo nomimasu.

I drink a beer.

③しごとします。

Shigotowo shimasu.

I do a job.

④おんがくききます。

Ongakuwo kikimasu.

I listen a music. 

Trial Lesson
Application