Nihongo Online School

Japanese online school

Tips for More Effective Studying

Nihongo Online School > Tips for More Effective Studying > Lesson 2こそあど This/That/That+N, Here/There/Over there

Lesson 2こそあど This/That/That+N, Here/There/Over there

2023/09/17

■これ、それ、あれ、どれ

This article, you can study kore, sore, are, dore.  “これ/それ/あれ/どれ”(kore/sore/are/dore) are demonstrative words used when referring to a particular noun. In English, they are “this (is…)”, “that(is…)”,“that…over there(is…)” and “Which one(is…)?”.

Let’s study with illustrations!

①kore

Something is very close to [Speaker], we call it “kore”.

これはです。

Korewa hon desu.

This is a book.

②sore

Something is very close to [Listener], we call it “sore”.

それはです。

Sorewa hon desu.

That is a book.

③are

Something is not close for both [speaker] and [listener], we call it “are”. It means  “over there”

あれはです。

Arewa hon desu.

That over there is a book.

④dore

Dore is used when you point to an object and want to ask something. It means “which”.

あなたのはどれですか?

Anatano hon wa dore desuka? 

Which book is yours?

■この、その、あの、どの

This article, you can study kono, sono, ano, dono.  “この/その/あの/どの”(kono/sono/ano/dono) are demonstrative words used when referring to a particular noun. In English, they are “this”, “that”,“that…over there”and “which… ?”.

Difference with “kore,sore,are,dore ” is, “この/その/あの/どの”(kono/sono/ano/dono)

can immediately be followed by a noun.

①kono

Something is very close to [Speaker], we call it “kono”.

このくるま

Kono kuruma

This car 

②sono

Something is very close to [Listener], we call it “sono”.

そのくるま

Sono kuruma

That car

③ano

Something is not close for both [speaker] and [listener], we call it “ano”. It means  “over there”

あのくるま

Ano kuruma 

That car

④dono

Dono is used when you point to an object and want to ask something. It means “which”.

どのくるま

dono kuruma 

Which car 

■ここ、そこ、あそこ、どこ

“ここ”(koko), “そこ”(soko),“あそこ” (asoko), どこ(doko) are demonstrative words that indicate specific locations. They mean “here, there, over there, where? ” in English.

1: ここは、かいぎしつです。

 Kokowa, kaigishitsu desu.

Here is a meeting room. 

2: そこは、かいぎしつです。 

Sokowa, kaigishitsu desu.

There is meeting room.

3: あそこは、かいぎしつです。 

Asokowa, kaigishitsu desu.

Over there is meeting room.

4: かいぎしつはどこですか? 

Kaigishitsuwa, doko desuka?

Where is meeting room?

See you next lesson!

Trial Lesson
Application