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Nihongo Online School > Tips for More Effective Studying > Chapter 9 [2 basic types of Adjective]-the rules of making sentence with い&なadjective Forms

Chapter 9 [2 basic types of Adjective]-the rules of making sentence with い&なadjective Forms

2023/09/19

Director: Kotaro Muramoto
Principal of Nihongo Online School
In September 2019, he founded "Nihongo Online School". Since then, has been teaching Japanese online lessons, with a total of over 1,000 students.
He has designed an individualized curriculum based on student’s needs and study goal. And is conscious of making the classes speech-centered in order to improve students’ speaking skills.
The school asks students to submit homework assignments worth 2 hours per lesson to improve faster. By supporting students with these features, students are able to efficiently improve Japanese language skills.

■2 types of adjective

there are two types of Japanese adjectives. Adjectives are an important part of learning Japanese because they are used to describe things!

Japanese adjectives: ■1 い-adjectives & ■2 な-adjectives

An “い-adjective” is an adjective that possess the “…い” form when modifying a noun.A “な-adjective” is an adjective that accompanies “な” when modifying a noun.

■1 い-adjective Forms

Japanese adjectives have 2 tenses: non-past and past. More specifically, there’re 4 forms: non-past affirmative, non-past negative, past affirmative, and past negative.You use the end of the “い-adjective” to conjugate the proper form.

かれのへやは、ひろいです。

Kareno heyawa hiroi desu.

His room is big. 

わたしのいえは、おおきくないです。

Watashino iewa ookikunai desu.

My house is not big. 

このくつが、ほしかったです。

Kono kutsuga hosikatta desu.

I wanted this shoes.

■Let’s practice change the いadjectives ! 

■2 な-adjectives form

な-adjectives have 2 tenses: non-past and past. Specifically, there’re 4 types: non-past affirmative, non- past negative, past affirmative, and past negative. な-adjectives don’t conjugate by itself. 

きのうのよるは、とてもしずかでした

Kinouno yoruwa, totemo shizuka deshita.

It was very quiet last night.

このまちは、きれいではありません

Konomachiwa, kireidewaarimasen.

This town is not clean.

きのうのテストは、かんたんではありませんでした

Kinouno tesutowa, kantan dewaarimasendeshita.

The test I took yesterday was not easy. 

でんしゃにいたひとは、とてもしんせつでした

Denshani itahitowa, totemo sinsetsu Deshita.

The man in the train was very kind.

■Let’s practice change the form ! 

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